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Saturday, July 30, 2011

The Mingo and Tuscarora Indians

I still don’t quite understand who really owns the land on Mt. Zion Road, the ancestral home of many of my relatives.  Is it the Mingo Tribal Preservation Trust or the Tuscarora Ranch, LLC?  Nevertheless, I became quite interested in the Mingo and Tuscarora Indians and their connection with Wilkes County, North Carolina.  Therefore, I resorted to the Internet and hard-copy references for information.  And this is what I learned…
I found that understanding the difference between the Mingo Indians and the Tuscarora Indians is  complicated.  As in much literature, different authors tend to have different interpretations of concepts and events.  Therefore, my comments represent my assimilations and interpretations of what I have read from various sources. 
The Mingo Indians were a small group of Native Americans who were related to the Iroquois Indians.  By 1750 they had moved into Ohio and today are often referred to as the Ohio Seneca Indians.  I haven’t found any reference to the Mingo Indians in North Carolina.
The Tuscarora Indians, an agricultural tribe that was also related to the Iroquois, inhabited the coastal plans of North Carolina along the Neuse River.  As with most of the Native Americans, they were very much opposed to the western expansion of the white settlers.  The Tuscarora Indians also developed a very lucrative trade serving as the middlemen in trading rum and other goods with the Indians in the Piedmont region.  As a consequence of encroachment by the settlers into their land and mistreatment by the white settlers, a war between the Tuscarora Indians and the settlers erupted in September 1711 and continued through March of 1713 at which time the Indians were defeated.  By 1722 many of the Tuscarora Indians returned New York to live with their northern relatives, the Iroquois.  Again, I found no documentation of Tuscarora Indians in Wilkes County, North Carolina.  Wilkes was inhabited by the Cherokee Indians during those early years.
The connection between the Mingo Indians and the Tuscarora Indians appears to be their blood relationship to the Iroquois Indians.
If any of my followers have additional information regarding these two groups, please comment.  As always, I encourage your comments, suggestions, corrections, and information.


  1. The Mingo Tribal Preservation Trust, Tuscarora Ranch, LLC and Pitchfork Mountain Ranch, LLC are ALL the same person. Most lands in the name of the Mingo Tribal Preservation Trust were transferred into other LLC's within the last year due to the foreclosure of a large tract of land in Yadkin County (1,372 acres in Jonesville, NC) to avoid their being "attached" and sold to satisfy the deficiency from the foreclosure auction of that tract.

    All of these are set up with the Trustee as Jesse W. Horton, Jr. and the registered agent as Richard Kline (attorney) from Davidson, NC - all of this can be found on the NC Secretary of State website under the corporations section.

  2. RENA— No developer, it seems, can tackle Little Brushy Mountain. But it’s not for lack of trying.
    Over the years, there have been plans for a variety of uses. All of them have failed.
    In the early 1990s, a group of investors from Statesville proposed an RV resort — something at the time that seemed fairly plausible. But the development never came to pass and the proposal ended up in foreclosure.
    About a decade later another prospective developer came forward. This time it was a massive land baron. Jesse W. Horton Jr., of Deep Gap, owned thousands of acres in Caldwell and Wilkes counties. And he wanted to add Little Brushy Mountain, all 1,372 acres, to his collection. In January 2004, Horton’s company — Mingo Tribal Preservation Trust, paid $3.1 million for the two-square-mile area tract about two miles south of Jonesville.
    The property straddles the east side of U.S. 21, extending north to Howell School Road, west to Swan Creek, and south to the Rena community.
    There are no comparable size properties in the area. Jonesville and its 2,200 residents are slightly larger.
    Horton and the Mingo Tribal Preservation Trust were accustomed to buying and selling large tracts of land. The group controls 3,000 to 4,000 acres in Wilkes and Watauga counties. In December 2003, the N.C. Wildlife Commission paid $21.4 million to the group for 5,646 acres that straddle the Caldwell/Wilkes county lines.
    Not long after purchasing Little Brushy Mountain, Horton talked about an upscale development — a village concept that would attract investors with deep pockets.
    The entire tract is zoned rural agricultural. Horton would have needed to get planning board and commissioners’ approval to build a residential area or retail development. When Jonesville and the county extended public utilities to U.S. 21 and Interstate 77 at the foothill of the mountain, it greatly increased the value of Horton’s property and facilities development.
    But it never happened. And like the Statesville developers, Little Brushy Mountain went back on the auction block at the Yadkin County Courthouse. Horton had secured a massive $8.8 million deed of trust against the mountain from Parkway Bank in Caldwell County in June 2007.
    But Horton never made one payment. And Parkway Bank, a small community bank, was stuck with a mountain it didn’t need after they foreclosed on Horton.
    Parkway Bank recently paid $5.7 million for Little Brushy Mountain and it’s back on the market. There have been no bidders since the foreclosure.

  3. Dear Anonymous, Thank you for the information you provided in this post and for the additional information you added to my Sept. 11, 2011, post. My hopes are that the beautiful land on Stoney Fork and Mt. Zion Road will remain farmland retaining the same natural and pastoral setting as it must have been when my ancestors farmed that same land. Additionally, I have a deep concern for the family cemetery plot that is on part of the land. One of the graves in this plot is 147 years old. My 3rd great grandparents, William Thomas and Nancy Jane Carlton Land, two great uncles, and some other great uncles and cousins are buried in the cemetery. I have submitted information concerning the cemetery along with my concerns about it to the North Carolina Cemetery Survey Project at the North Carolina Division of Archives and History in Raleigh. This project is an endeavor by the state department to make a permanent record of old cemeteries. If you wish at any time to send a comment that you do not want to be made public, please indicate that you wish it to remain private, and I will not publish it in my blog. If you will include your e-mail address in your request, I will respond to you through e-mail. Again, thanks for your interest, your concern, and your comments.

    1. I am very interested in your family. I am trying to learn about a Mingo John Thomas who moved from Grayson Va to the Mingo Valley in Ohio in the very early 1800s. I have just begun this so I do not have a lot of info so was wondering about this area.

  4. Vivian,

    Thank you for your comment.

    I wish I knew more about the Tuscarora and Mingo Indians. I do not know what contact, if any, my ancestors may have had with them or even if those tribes were in the area at that time. I think there may have been some Tuscaroro Indians in the area, but I don't know about Mingo. I do know that a substantial number of Cherokee Indians inhabited the area in those early years. In fact, they camped on the Yadkin River had a village in the area which is now the site of the city of Wilkesboro.

    About a year ago, I became aware of the Mingo Tribal Preservation Trust that holds many acres in the area in and around Stoney Fork in Wilkes County, NC. This trust did not come into being until about 1993. I have recently been told that "a lot of activity" is going on there but am not sure exactly what it is.

    I don't know that my comments will be of much help to you in locating your individual. You might try contacting the Mingo Tribe to inquire about him and/or how to search for him. Usually, the various tribes have websites that will provide one the opportunity to e-mail them.

    You can find much information on the Internet about Indian tribes and conflicts in NC in the 1700s. You may have already researched these sites.

    You mention that you are interested in my family. Please let me know more about your interests. Also, please conact me if you have additional questions.

    Again, thanks for your comment and interest.

  5. Thank you, TK, for the most helpful information that you provided today, July 7, 2013, about the Mingo Indians. I am certainly not an expert on the topic and appreciate your input. Since you included an e-mail address, I won't publish your comment. However, if you wish that I publish it, please let me know. Thanks, again.

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  7. Anonymous, Thank you for your comment and interest in my blog.


Thank you for your interest in my blog and for your comment. I have the option of allowing your comments to become public. I will not publish comments with home addresses, phone numbers, or email addresses unless the responder gives permission. I receive notification when someone adds a comment. However, I cannot reply directly to these comments. In order to see my reply, you will need to check the post again.

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